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YOYO带你围观托福阅读细节题

发布时间: 2016年7月21日     点击数:505 来源:启德考培广州分校 快速预约
导语:
我们从小学开始接触英语考试,便与细节题接下不解之缘。中考、高考、四级、六级,所有你所见到的考试,没有哪一门不会出现细节题。托福考试更是有过之而无不及。那么,问题来了:这么琐碎、细化、没有头绪、让人崩溃、看是毫无规律可循的奇怪题型该如何解答呢? 今天YOYO带你一起围观托福阅读细节题的风采*^__^*
  • 托福阅读

托福阅读细节题中最常出现的问题类型是:

Paragraph 1 supports which of the following statements about XXX?

 

头大了有没有?全篇文章这么多地方写到XXX,我如何寻找信息?其实只要我们认真读过OG(Official Guide)不难发现,细节题的答案通常出现在文章中的三五句话里,读懂这三五句话,认真比对选项,这道题就解出来了!当然题目有难易之分,有时甚至不需要读取3句话哦。

 

我们来看一道托福真题:

 

Paragraph 1: The shift from silent to sound film at the end of the 1920s marks, so far, the most important transformation in motion picture history. Despite all the highly visible technological developments in theatrical and home delivery of the moving image that have occurred over the decades since then, no single innovation has come close to being regarded as a similar kind of watershed. In nearly every language, however the words are phrased, the most basic division in cinema history lies between films that are mute and films that speak.  

 

1. According to paragraph 1, which of the following is the most significant development in the history of film?

A. The technological innovation of sound film during the 1920s

B. The development of a technology for translating films into other languages

C. The invention of a method for delivering movies to people's homes

D. The technological improvements allowing clearer images in films

 

本题问题是“电影历史上最重要的发展是什么”,拿到题目如何解答呢?做好这三步就OK:

1. 阅读题干,提取关键词

2. 回文定位

3. 阅读本句寻找答题信息

4. 信息量不够,上下寻找(3-5句能找到答案)

5. 比对选项,确定答案

 

那么,我们来看这道题,阅读题干,关键词就是 “most significant development” “history of film”,根据关键词,迅速扫读文章,发现在文段的第二行就出现了 “most important transformation in motion picture history”,正好是题干内容的同意转述说法,所以这一句可能就是答案所在句,阅读本句话信息, “从无声电影到上世纪20年代有声电影的出现,标志着电影历史上最大的转变”,比对选项,发现A正好是文章答案。

 

    当然,也有难度更大一些的细节题,我们来看这一道:

 

Paragraph 2: Sensitivity to physical laws is thus an important consideration for the maker of applied-art objects. It is often taken for granted that this is also true for the maker of fine-art objects. This assumption misses a significant difference between the two disciplines. Fine-art objects are not constrained by the laws of physics in the same way that applied-art objects are. Because their primary purpose is not functional, they are only limited in terms of the materials used to make them. Sculptures must, for example, be stable, which requires an understanding of the properties of mass, weight distribution, and stress. Paintings must have rigid stretchers so that the canvas will be taut, and the paint must not deteriorate, crack, or discolor. These are problems that must be overcome by the artist because they tend to intrude upon his or her conception of the work. For example, in the early Italian Renaissance, bronze statues of horses with a raised foreleg usually had a cannonball under that hoof. This was done because the cannonball was needed to support the weight of the leg. In other words, the demands of the laws of physics, not the sculptor's aesthetic intentions, placed the ball there. That this device was a necessary structural compromise is clear from the fact that the cannonball quickly disappeared when sculptors learned how to strengthen the internal structure of a statue with iron braces (iron being much stronger than bronze).

 

1. According to paragraph 2, sculptors in the Italian Renaissance stopped using cannonballs in bronze statues of horses because

A. They began using a material that made the statues weigh less

B. They found a way to strengthen the statues internally

C. The aesthetic tastes of the public had changed over time

D. The cannonballs added too much weight to the statues

 

这么长一段话,16行,近250词,晕了吗?不着急!我们按照解题方法来。首先,阅读题干,提取关键词 “sculptors” , “Italian Renaissance” “cannonballs” “bronze statues of horses” “because”, 根据关键词迅速扫描文章,发现在第10行集中出现了这些信息词“For example, in the early Italian Renaissance, bronze statues of horses with a raised foreleg usually had a cannonball under that hoof”,所以信息可能就在附近了。接着,阅读本句话“在早期意大利文艺复兴时期,通常抬腿的铜奔马马蹄上会有一个小弹珠”。发现信息量不够,不能回答“为什么雕塑家停止使用小弹珠”的问题,这时我们需要上下寻找。往下读到第3句,出现了答题关键信息句“That this device was a necessary structural compromise is clear from the fact that the cannonball quickly disappeared when sculptors learned how to strengthen the internal structure of a statue with iron braces (iron being much stronger than bronze”, 里面提到“the cannonball quickly disappeared when sculptors learned how to strengthen the internal structure of a statue with iron braces”,意思是说“当雕塑家得知如何从内部结构上增强力量时,小弹珠消失了”。最后,把本句话信息拿来与选项中比对,发现B选项为正确答案。

 

小伙伴们现在知道托福阅读中细节题的解答方法了吗?按照上述四个步骤,托福阅读细节题就能各个击破啦!

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